Monday, June 25, 2012

THE SCIENTIFIC TERRORIST


When I think about our country, there are several things that come to my mind. Be it our culture, heritage, food or history – we are unique and special in every way. But the one thing that stands out in my mind is our intellect! Creativity, knowledge and genius always abound in our land. Be it for the mathematical zero, our engineering genes, insane GMAT scores or a slightly overkill IT wizardry, our nerdiness is quite renowned across the globe. But then there comes the bewildering paradox. History doesn’t do justice to our intellectual legacy. Neither do we!

Ask a child to name a few scientists and (s)he will go Einstein, Newton, Edison and so on. Ask elder intellectuals and the list might find some additions like Darwin, Tesla, Madam Curie, Da Vinci and say a few more. Trust me, if someone manages to mention J.C. Bose, Ramanujam, C.V.Raman or Homi Bhabha then I would be over the moon. Rewind your memory to the science textbooks of your 10th or 12th standard and you will see my point. Did we read about Har Gobind Khorana’s Nobel Prize for cracking the genetic code? May be! May be not! Have you heard of “Boson” named after the legendary S.N.Bose? Probably not! How much mention was there about Vikram Sarabhai? Sure we find a snippet here and a citation there. But nothing beyond that!

My point is two fold. One: we don’t celebrate our scientists enough. Two: We don’t make them enough any more either! And for sure lack of potential or caliber is not the reason for the latter. We live in a land extraordinaire. Here we can find an entire spectrum of people ranging from extraordinarily brilliant, capable and sincere all the way down to extraordinarily numb, dumb and corrupt. This is one kind of diversity our country can live without. And in this vast jungle of herbs and weeds interspersed by beautiful trees and carnivorous pitchers, even the noblest of intentions and most cerebral of ideas can disappear without a trace caught in the quicksand of something we have always been famous for: “Officialdom”!

While there are several obstacles to science in our country including our current higher education system and the social perception of professional education (I intend to write about the lack of societal respect for science, arts and humanities later), the single most dominant force that has straggled science for ages is the ubiquitous and obnoxiously recalcitrant Indian bureaucracy and red tape. We all know about this perennial curse that continues to demoralize our spirits in many ways and in many fields but the maladies suffered by science at the hands of this demon are so prosaic and debilitating that the resulting casualties are countless!

Does the name Dr.Subhas Mukherjee (Mukhopadhyay) ring a bell? If it does, you are elite and if it doesn’t; then you are not alone! He is an unsung, forgotten hero who didn’t get anything he deserved and most certainly didn’t deserve anything he got! Dr.Subhas Mukhrjee was the creator of India’s first and world’s second test tube baby, a great mind and the inventor of a modern miracle, a concept that revolutionized the lives of millions of childless couples. This man’s remarkable vision created the first life outside the womb.

There were just 67 days between the births of the first test tube baby (Louise Brown – born 25th July 1978) pioneered by Robert G.Edwards and the second (Durga – 3rd October 1978) brought to life by Dr.Subhas Mukherjee. Both Subhas and Robert were great scientists, doctors and legends who independently gave the world “In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)”. But the similarities end there. Dr.Robert Edwards won the Nobel Prize for his achievement in 2010 while Dr.Subhas hanged himself to death in 1981. His suicide note read: "I can't wait everyday for a heart attack to kill me."

While Dr.Edwards’s efforts were quickly recognized and glorified by his country, an ‘expert committee’ was appointed by the Government of West Bengal under the medical association and he was tried like a convict. His crimes: he did the impossible with bare minimum apparatus; he didn’t get it cleared by pandering to the so-called experts and bureaucrats; he was righteous and not subservient. Hence, for these heinous crimes, he was awarded with social ostracization and bureaucratic reprimand which left a permanent scar in his heart. The committee denounced all his claims and achievements. He was denied leave to write a detailed report of his results and to attend a meeting in Japan to discuss his work. And he was further humiliated with a transfer to Institute of Ophthalmology as professor of electrophysiology. I don’t think a man can bear any more injustice and anguish. And his death has left a permanent scar on our society!

A few years later in 1986, T.C. Anand Kumar created Harsha, India’s first official test tube baby. And miraculously in 1997, he got to see the research documents and hand-written notes of Dr.Subhas. After meticulously scrutinizing and having discussions with Durga’s parents, he became certain that Subhas was indeed the architect of first human test tube baby in India. Dr.Anand Kumar’s commendable and selfless efforts restored his due place in India’s medical history in 2001 (20 long years later) when the Indian Council of Medical Research finally acknowledged his contributions. It takes a great man to give away greatness and glory of such magnitude to someone else. But the greatness of Dr.Anand Kumar further magnifies the apathy and graveness of the situation.  But for him, we wouldn’t even know of Dr.Subhas’s genius! I am borrowing Kamal Hasan’s funny lines from a movie to say something very serious: “A terrific scientist was made to look like a scientific terrorist for 20 years!”

Science has come a long way and certainly there have been improvements as it is slowly chipping away from the clutches of bureaucracy. But rosy days are still far off. Namita, Subhas’s wife, frail and bed-ridden still yearns for the day she will see an Institute named after her husband whose only sign yet is a dust covered plaque and a listing in some governmental file. While his own country has abandoned him, the world continues to discover and honor him in little ways that bring some solace to my aching heart. The international scientist community is slowly accepting Dr Subhas Mukhopadhyay's claim and recognizing India for producing the world's second test-tube baby. And Kanupriya Agarwal (alias Durga) is finally happy that some justice is being restored to her scientific father. This is just one of many instances and it has cost the nation a legend and a legend his life! I just hope I live to see the day when we give these greats their due respect and just let them change the world!


** Dr Mukhopadhyay's story was immortalised in the 1991 film Ek Doctor Ki Maut starring Pankaj Kapur and Shabana Azmi. (Watch it if you are interested)

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72 comments:

  1. Hi Raj

    I recently came across somewhere about this person, his invention and the way our bureaucracy failed to recognize leave alone laud him led to his suicide. This is one case that came to light. God knows how many passionate students' and scientists' dreams get crushed everyday in this chaotic system. Excellent and thought provoking post!

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    1. Yes Jaish. Even I came to know about this great man very recently. Felt very sad that I didnt even know about this great mind so long even after his invention is one of the breakthroughs in world science and medicine. And I totally agree.. several dreams get crushed and a country that could be great stays mediocre. Sad indeed!

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  2. I am one of those ignorant people who never heard of him. Raj, this is another wonderfully written informative post. It affirms our govt's capability to seek heinous ways in killing the truth. How true that we don't glorify our heroes? It's heart breaking to read his story.

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    1. I was also one of the many ignorant people until recently. I read his story and felt shattered at the vicious murder of his achievement and identity. You are absolutely right. We don't glorify our heroes and then complain we don't have many!

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  3. Felt very sad reading this...really so many talents are not recognised in India.
    When some talented people go outside and achieve something then we claim them as Indian born. Very sad!

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    1. True Ranjana. This is indeed so sad and even sadder that no one talks about it and knows about it. There are hardly any articles related to it. We don't celebrate this man's achievement even today in a large scale. He has got more recognition overseas than in our own country. No wonder as you say, talented people go outside and attain greatness.

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  4. beautifully written post Raj! red tapism has brought frustration to a lot of talented people... someone famously said, the geniuses are working in companies run by guys who hardly ever managed to scrap through who in turn are being dictated by guys(read politicians) who created the most nuisance and kept flunking!! that is the state of affairs...what else can we expect?

    kudos for bringing to life some of these forgotten heroes..

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    1. Very true. Red tapism has killed so many geniuses. It has claimed more souls than lives. And as you said, these souls end up losing their way and work for others and live an ordinary life when they were destined for greatness. Sad state of affairs indeed.

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  5. Thanks for this brilliant post.Yes even i didn't know about this genius.We feel so frustrated at minor injustices but what happened to Dr Suhas is just staggering for even us to read;how much more frustrating it must have been for him.I shudder to even imagine the state of his mind.

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    1. yeah Indu. Even I didn't know about this wonderful mind. And it infuriates me to see that such huge injustice was meted out to him and his intellect. It is really such a shame. A beautiful mind was destroyed!

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  7. BOW BOW and bow to this POST!!! trust me I am also one among the ignorant educated working class :D who totally had no clue about such a legend. Had it not for this blog I guess I would never know about this cause I hardly make any effort to know!!!

    I feel lack of proper facility and importance for research during education has lead to talent drain. And we hardly are realizing the effect of this on our next generation and ofcourse this country.So called leaders are only worried about how best they can improve on their corruption skills!!! I am really not sure where this is going to end!!!

    Not sure why I always remember this kannada song "E Deshada kathe ishte kannamo, illi chinte madi laabha ilamo" its a satirical song which means Story or fate of this country is only this much and no use thinking about it!!!!

    Please keep enlightening us like this!!!atleast lets make a effort to know more!

    GREAT POST ;) ufffffffff I spoke so much!

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    1. Trust me, I am one of those ignorant ones too. And there is a whole nation of us. Such legends go under our radar every day. Even today nobody celebrates this man's greatness which makes me even more angry and sad. And as you rightly pointed out, even today several factors contribute to talent drain and talent destruction. You hit the nail on the hear about our leaders: improving their corruption skills.

      And yeah.. you didnt speak much at all. It is the frustration that comes out after reading such injustices.

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  8. That was an Amazing post. I read something similar to this about E.Sreedharan here. Our nation has got so many unsung heroes as such. Hope that these things change.

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    1. A very warm welcome to you Kanthu. Yeah.. you are right. Our nation has so many unsung heroes who are either not appreciated for their greatness or are not allowed to achieve greatness.

      I read the post about E.Sredharan. Felt very sad! Hope things change! And I see that day come by!

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  9. Raj, I am so overwhelmed, I can only repeat your words:
    "One: we don’t celebrate our scientists enough. Two: We don’t make them enough any more either!" How many people do you think will remember this post tomorrow? Throw in another episode of Satyamev Jayate with the same topic and maybe we will talk about it for a few days though.

    There are several other sombre phenomena that are hurting our nation's chances of producing talents, blatant abuse of the reservation system being one of them. Please do not mistake me, I am not against helping the needy and the poor. But the methodology adopted is seriously flawed and stinks of political opportunism. Commercialization of education is another catastrophic occurrence and the sickly crop of coaching classes and technology institutes are there for all to see, not to speak of the recent entrance examinations imbroglio. But I must stop here, lest I be charged for promoting a personal agenda.

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    1. Umashankar.. as usual a brilliant comment. You highlighted several issues that are burning our nation and we don't even see the smoke. I couldn't agree more about the reservation issue and the commercialization of education which leads to channelization of students who come out of a cookie cutter. And the emphasis has slowly but steadily shifted from learning to studying. I remember one particular instance, back in my school days, wherein I was not given full marks for a problem because I solved it in 4 steps rather than 6.

      You are not promoting a personal agenda but a public agenda that is as much or more important than this article. And I feel that we are moving backwards in many of these issues which worries me deeply.

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  10. This is our country and countrymen!

    Thanks for writing.

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  11. From the past so many months I am finding one or other fault in our country and I always blame the low moral and social standard. I am shocked to read this. I mean where we are going or this is what we do to remarkable people. Yesterday I was doing my so called research and landed on Aveeno's site and just to tell you one of the research scientists there is an Indian. Who else can understand the diverse skin problem than someone who has seen the both worlds. But the problem is we won't recognize him. After reading such posts, I wonder, Are we truly developed?

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    1. A very thought provoking comment Saru. Unfortunately I don't think I have the answer to your questions though I totally share them. I have truly wondered how such incidents reflect on the state of our nation and certainly this is not a sign of a society that is developing. But there are good signs as well but these things mar them quite often.

      Interesting point about the Aveeno scientist. It brings out the thought that goes into choosing, appreciating and recognizing the right people. And this is one thing I feel that we lack. We always look for heroes to come and change the world around us and in the process miss genuine people who dedicate (and eventually lose) their lives trying to impact the society.

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  12. an eye opener post for sure....and hats off to you for bringing such story for most of us bcoz at least now i know these things....

    moreover, i think our media, print as well as electronic is busy with cooking BREAKING NEWS out of nothing and they never ever highlight such stories...

    Nice Post....:)

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    1. Thank you so much Irfanuddin. Even I was not aware of this grave injustice and am probably unaware of many such things. And I totally agree that most of the sections of the media don't highlight the real issues and run after issues that have the potential to hog the limelight. Sad it is.

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  13. There are so many people with great caliber and potential all around us..... some of them remain dormant all of their lives, because they never get the luxury of exposure, right and timely guidance, few manage to excel but again here in India we never consider teachers, scientists and researchers as celebrities.. for us only entertainment and sports( only cricket, somewhat tennis) are worthy of admiration and attention.

    Such great minds never get recognition and this biased situation get worsened when politics and benefits comes in action... result is zilch..

    Not very often we read about such people and when we do read we empathize for few moment and life goes on..

    An awesome post Raj.. Loved reading it !!!

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  14. Dr Mani Lal Bhaumik, in field of LASIK

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    1. Very true indeed. And the list is endless.

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  15. Well Said. That is the problem in India, We do not give importance to our scientists and seem to be smitten by the foreign names. We are always blaming about why people are opting for foreign lands that we do not see the reason why the move out, because they are not given the recognition they are due. We have the best of the talent in the world, but since it is not being given importance, they find places which would respect them for what they are!

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    1. You have said it beautifully. It is indeed unfair to blame the minds that go abroad because they are actively courted and duly recognized by academic and research institutions there. The problem here as well is two fold: one, the scientists and intellectuals not only don't have enough facilities and infrastructure; people don't even know their struggles and their great achievements.

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  16. I was aware of the noble doctor but he came alive through this post .Thank you for sharing.

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    1. A very warm welcome to you here Sharmila. Thank you so much for your wonderful comments. Yeah.. he was a great man indeed, a visionary doctor and scientist. A man who deserved much more respect and still does.

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  17. If we are running out of scientists it is precisely because we end up reviling them instead of celebrating them. As long as we let men of little intellect and lesser morals run the scientific establishment we shall continue to bewail the brain drain

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    1. Very well said Suresh. You put the problem in perspective beautifully. Our scientific and intellectual community deserves a lot more in terms of infrastructure, recognition and respect. And everyone should know their achievements which is not at all happening at this time.

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  18. i often complain about the fact that the best brains of our land end up contributing to the development of other nations, but such attitudes are perhaps the reason. in addition to that is the fact that our pride in our own abilities seems to be more directed towards divisive thinking. instead of endorsing and encouraging, our first response towards something positive in our land, is to find reasons to criticize it, or at best, be indifferent to it. it is truly our great good fortune that empirical research is still chosen by scientists in our country in spite of the all round lack of appreciation and recognition. they are really the true heroes.

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    1. A wonderful comment Subho. You described the state of science and many more disciplines in India today. It is run more by the strength and conviction of few minds rather than the collective support of administration and people. The artificial selection process that has put the limelight on a few areas has been the cause for the lack of development in other important ones. It is a pity that most people even know the worst actor or politician in the country but don't know the best scientist or mathematician around.

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  19. Informative and totally eye opening! All your posts are worth reading :)

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    1. Thank you very much Juhi for your nice compliment. Yeah.. his story was a real eye opener for me.

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  20. I did not know, Raj, I did not know and I am a Calcuttan. I feel so ashamed...Raj, thank you from my heart for bringing this story to light--thank you for writing it. I will watch that movie...

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    1. I did not know this either Bhavana. For such a long time despite my interests in science and scientists. And I was really angry not only at what happened to him but even at what is happening now. Still we hardly hear about him or about any other scientist or notable activist or other great personalities from several other fields. All we hear about is cricketers, politicians and movie stars. I have nothing against them but why ignore everyone else? I wonder if I will see my son or daughter read about him in their textbooks!

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  21. i cannot write a comment without revealing my ignorance. i heard about this movie but never watched it because i didn't know what it's all about. thank you for sharing this story with us otherwise i would never have known about him. brilliantly narrated as always.

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    1. Deb.. I was as ignorant as you. And I felt terrible after reading about him and his pioneering works and how he was treated for that great feat. Really made me sad. I wish we at least correct our mistakes and would be very happy to see him feature in future Science Text books.

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  22. You know what I love about your blog and the topics you choose? One can't expect the expected from you at all. Every one is an eye-opener. It wrenched the heart to read the stories narrated with such feeling and emotion. And indeed T.C. Anand Kumar is a wonderful human being to give away his glory to another.

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    1. Thank you so much for your kind words and lovely compliments Zephyr. yeah.. you said it right. I was really amazed by Anand Kumar who gave up such a great honor to some one else. A great man indeed. He is no more.

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  23. What I supposed to say man....

    I was oblivious about all this until now. But now that I had read it, My mind is craving to know some more (before concieving your claim totally)

    Neverthless, I love the topic as well as writing style.

    God bless.

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    1. A very warm welcome to you here and thank you for your comment. I think I have stated the facts as is, to the extent of my research and reading. Do let me know if you think otherwise.

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  24. Thank you Raj for choosing this particular topic to write on, else an ignorant me would have never made an attempt to know about a great man like Dr.Subhas Mukherjee. This is really tragic. I knew the fact that the second test tube baby was conceived in India but was never aware of the name of the scientist or his tragic death. Love the passion with which you have written this post, very emotionally narrated.

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    1. Thank you so much Akshay. I was as ignorant as you about this great man. And was deeply pained to know his tragic story. It is indeed extremely saddening that he didn't get his due share of honor and recognition.

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  25. This is happening to science in our country. In a mad rush, everyone is running towards IT and MBA. And the cream of the scientists go away to foreign lands where they will be acknowledged and given the adulation they deserve. Thank you for bringing out this story. I will try to catch hold of the movie.

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    1. Thank you so much Rachna for your nice comment. You are right. It is a mad rush indeed. We are losing the cream of intellects due to our bureaucratic demons. We need to do more for our scientists who change the world we live in. Do watch the movie when you get time. :)

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  26. What you highlighted is the harsh truth that we do not give credit where it belongs as we are not team players. We sadly fall short in vision and hence the rest of the world moves forward where we keep taking two steps backwards with every step forward!

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    1. That was a beautiful comment. Very well said. We lack vision and don't recognize the people who deserve it the most. That does stall greatly the heights we can attain. I hope we realize it sooner than later.

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  27. you have told only small thing happened,but there are a lot of such cases unidentified.
    our people majority mentalities are even if they are helped,protected and kept happily by scientists and science they blame the good part to an imaginary element god and the bad part to scientists(demons in their mind).

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    1. Thank you for your comment. I certainly agree. There are a lot of other cases which deserve due attention and recognition.

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  28. guess what...yesterday I watched this movie and today I came across your post... :) :) :)

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    1. Oh... that is an interesting coincidence. :) It was a deep and moving one. Made me extremely sad and angry.

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  29. That is a sad part of our nation and which makes me so MAD and angry we go on all about shouting and barking over stupid issues .. when there are plenty more .. people not getting what is due to them , this is one reason why some good brains have gone abroad ..

    it matter who ypou know if you want to be known in our nation , Lots of great people out there in the nation doing such great jobs yes they are the unsung hero's and it is a saying in punjabi

    that a nation that forgets its hero's can never do great ...

    thanks for sharing I had no clue about any of the people mentioned in the artcile

    Bikram's

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    1. Thank you Bikram for the wonderful comment. Your words are so true. We harp over silly issues and ignore the most important ones. That is indeed a wonderful and powerful saying. A nation that forgets or ignores its heroes cannot progress. And the sad part is a majority of us aren't even aware of the existence of such greats.

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  30. Dr. Subhas' story is a sad one, indeed. You're right, our people just don't get the recognition they deserve. Seriously, I've not been taught about these Indian greats. Pathetic!
    Science teachers and the people who draw out syllabi should actually read this post.

    And Raj, have I told you, that I love the way you write? :)

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    1. Thank you so much Divya for the wonderful compliment. You really made my day. :)

      You are right. We don't recognize our scientists and intellectuals enough and it is high time we realize and correct our mistakes. I hope to see my child learning about these greats.

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  31. Raj, I was not aware of this beautiful mind..What a tragedy indeed. Many have gone through such bitterness in life. Such a waste of talents...sigh!
    Thanks for sharing...

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    1. That is so true. So many great men have felt the pain under the clutches of bureacratic negligence. It is indeed deeply saddening.

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  32. Hey...
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  33. Science as a subject has a huge past history of sin, glory, magnificence and gore. The situation have you have written about is a very common occurrence in science. 2 great examples being Darwin and Galileo (as you quoted my knowledge ends with these few names) - these geniuses were criticized by then govt's and people like anything. Entire Christianity, thanks to Church was against their theories. These people were humiliated, even threatened for life.

    What i mean to say is this phenomenon is not specific to India, it has its roots right from the start of human civilization. Unfortunately geniuses are people, who are well ahead of their time and it often takes a generation or more to understand their genius ideas and then to gain acceptance of those ideas. We are in a phase similar to Europe of 18th and 19th century, where religion and ignorance were the two most dominant entities and science, a common foe.

    This same attitude costed Europe and England (specifically) their leadership in Science. They had a great headstart but lost it all to Americans thanks to their ultra-conservative and bottled approach and closed minds. If we are to make any significant progress in science, we will have to shed this inertia and give science a huge makeover by making it lucrative and cool (the way Americans did) instead of labeling it as anti-people or anti-religion. (Recent example of this attitude was resistance shown to adoption of genetically modified crops).

    We have a large pool of immensely talented young people (demographic dividend) in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) fields and world acknowledges it . Its high time we ourselves acknowledge it and seriously do something about it. If we do, we will be envy of the world in the coming century.

    Thanks for this insight on Dr Subhas.

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  34. I stumbled on this post and what you brought out was unbelievable. I wonder why we never value our own fellow countrymen. Maybe familiarity breeds contempt. But, we are the biggest losers. Thank you for this post.

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  35. great post....we really needs to remember our country's heroes...

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